YMP - a Flexible Omics Pipeline¶
Welcome to the YMP documentation!
YMP is a tool that makes it easy to process large amounts of NGS read data. It comes “batteries included” with everything needed to preprocess your reads (QC, trimming, contaminant removal), assemble metagenomes, annotate assemblies, or assemble and quantify RNA-Seq transcripts, offering a choice of tools for each of those procecssing stages. When your needs exceed what the stock YMP processing stages provide, you can easily add your own, using YMP to drive novel tools, tools specific to your area of research, or tools you wrote yourself.
- batteries included
YMP comes with a large number of Stages implementing common read processing steps. These stages cover the most common topics, including quality control, filtering and sorting of reads, assembly of metagenomes and transcripts, read mapping, community profiling, visualisation and pathway analysis.
- get started quickly
Simply point YMP at a folder containing read files, at a mapping file, a list of URLs or even an SRA RunTable and YMP will configure itself. Use tab expansion to complete your desired series of stages to be applied to your data. YMP will then proceed to do your bidding, downloading raw read files and reference databases as needed, installing requisite software environments and scheduling the execution of tools either locally or on your cluster.
- explore alternative workflows
Not sure which assembler works best for your data, or what the effect of more stringent quality trimming would be? YMP is made for this! By keeping the output of each stage in a folder named to match the stack of applied stages, YMP can manage many variant workflows in parallel, while minimizing the amount of duplicate computation and storage.
- go beyond the beaten path
Built on top of Bioconda and Snakemake, YMP is easily extended with your own Snakefiles, allowing you to integrate any type of processing you desire into YMP, including your own, custom made tools. Within the YMP framework, you can also make use of the extensions to the Snakemake language provided by YMP (default values, inheritance, recursive wildcard expansion, etc.), making writing rules less error prone and repetative.
Bioinformatical data processing workflows can easily get very complex, even convoluted. On the way from the raw read data to publishable results, a sizeable collection of tools needs to be applied, intermediate outputs verified, reference databases selected, and summary data produced. A host of data files must be managed, processed individually or aggregated by host or spatial transect along the way. And, of course, to arrive at a workflow that is just right for a particular study, many alternative workflow variants need to be evaluated. Which tools perform best? Which parameters are right? Does re-ordering steps make a difference? Should the data be assembled individually, grouped, or should a grand co-assembly be computed? Which reference database is most appropriate?
Answering these questions is a time consuming process, justifying the plethora of published ready made pipelines each providing a polished workflow for a typical study type or use case. The price for the convenience of such a polished pipeline is the lack of flexibility - they are not meant to be adapted or extended to match the needs of a particular study. Workflow management systems on the other hand offer great flexibility by focussing on the orchestration of user defined workflows, but typicially require significant initial effort as they come without predefined workflows.
YMP strives to walk the middle ground between these. It brings everything needed to classic metagenome and RNA-Seq workflows, yet built on the workflow management system Snakemake, it can be easily expanded by simply adding Snakemake rules files. Designed around the needs of processing primarily multi-omic NGS read data, it brings a framework for handling read file meta data, provisioning reference databases, and organizing rules into semantic stages.